Social stressors and acculturative stress on postpartum depressive symptoms among immigrant Arab American women

Social stressors and acculturative stress on postpartum depressive symptoms among immigrant Arab American women

Dalia Khalil

Assistant Professor

Contact

et1927@wayne.edu
313-577-1798

Social stressors and acculturative stress on postpartum depressive symptoms among immigrant Arab American women

My research is focused on infant mental health and the role of family chronic stress especially stress related to immigration on infants’ outcomes in terms of stress and development. I want to help newcomers’ families to acculturate in order to provide the best nurturing environment for their children

Program of Research

Dalia Khalil PhD, RN has focused her research on the impact of social stressors and acculturative stress on postpartum depressive symptoms among immigrant Arab American women. In her dissertation research titled, "Postpartum Depression and Acculturation among U.S. Immigrant Women of Arabic Descent," she examined the impact of acculturative stress, acculturation and social support on postpartum depressive symptoms among immigrant Arab American women. She found that immigrant women reported high levels of acculturative stress and postpartum depressive symptoms. Women who reported higher levels of acculturative stress and lower levels of social support had higher risk of depressive symptoms in the first year postpartum.

Dr Khalil has expanded her research to include fathers and infants of Arab American families. In the past year, she began a pilot study in which Arab American families (i.e., mother- father- infant triads) were enrolled. Mothers and fathers completed questionnaires about different aspects of stress and depressive symptoms. Hair samples for cortisol analysis and buccal swabs for salivary telomere length assays were collected from the infants and parents to understand the relationship of immigration stress on stress biomarkers.

Current Research

2018-present, Effects of Family Psychological Distress, on Infant Telomere Length and Development among Arab American Immigrants and Refugees. Funded by the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN)/ American Nursing Foundation - $10,000

2018- 2019, Effects of Maternal Stress and Depression, on Infant Telomere Length and Development among Syrian and Iraqi Refugees. Funded by the Sigma Theta Tau International Lambda Chapter, $2,000

Current research studies/projects
Khalil (PI), Giurgescu (Co-I), Javanbakht (Co-I), Misra (Co-I), and Templin (Co-I). Effects of Family Psychological Distress, on Infant Telomere Length and Development among Arab American Immigrants and Refugees. Funded by the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN) Through American Nursing Foundation (ANF) and Sigma Theta Tau International Lambda Chapter.

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